Basic Cat Care

Monday, August 20, 2018


In this post, you will know some Basic Cat Care

Food
You can feed your cat with a balanced feed or wet feed. There are many flavors, presentations, and brands. Choose the right food for your age (puppy, adult or senior) and your physiological state (breeding, gestation, lactation, neutered, etc.). You should leave food all day in a place that is easily accessible to him and where there are no insects or rodents. You have to have fresh, clean water in another container, although cats love to drink from flowing water streams, like small droplets that fall from a badly closed tap. It is not advisable to feed them with homemade diets since it is more complicated to guarantee a correct nutritional balance.

Health
Your cat should see the veterinarian at least once a year for an examination and annual shots, and immediately if she is sick or injured.

You must vaccinate and deworm your cat following the directions of the veterinarian. In general, an adult should be vaccinated annually against respiratory diseases, leukemia, and rabies, although the guidelines vary depending on the place where they reside and dewormed 4 times a year to avoid internal parasites. For external parasites such as fleas, lice or ticks there are several products that are easy to apply. Before using them, we must consult with our veterinarian to choose the product that best suits our cat and our needs. Another fundamental aspect to keep your cat healthy and happy is hygiene. You must have a sanitary tray and change the cat litter daily since they do not like to use it dirty and will probably look for another place to do their needs.

Female cats should be spayed and male cats neutered by five months of age.

Grooming
It is not necessary to bathe your cat since cats are very clean animals that groom themselves continuously throughout the day. However, the more you brush it the better it will be for your skin and your hair. It will have a stronger, thicker, brighter, healthy mantle without hairballs. Cats that live in the street subjected to changes in seasonal temperature and variations in light lose less hair compared to those living at home at a constant temperature and artificial light. This loss of hair and the washing or licking of cats often causes these hair accumulations or trichobezoars. Usually, they are expelled normally, but if this does not happen, their presence in the gastrointestinal tract can cause alterations such as vomiting, diarrhea, obstructions and lack of appetite among other symptoms.

Housing
Your pet should have her own clean, dry place in your home to sleep and rest. Line your cat's bed with a soft, warm blanket or towel. Be sure to wash the bedding often. Please keep your cat indoors. Outdoor cats do not live as long as indoor cats. Outdoor cats are at risk of trauma from cars, or from fights with other cats, raccoons, and free-roaming dogs. Coyotes are known to eat cats. Outdoor cats are more likely to become infested with fleas or ticks, as well as contract infectious diseases.

Identification
If allowed outdoors, your cat must wear a safety collar and an ID tag. A safety collar with an elastic panel will allow your cat to break loose if the collar gets caught on something. And for both indoor and outdoor cats, an ID tag or an implanted microchip can help ensure that your cat is returned if he or she becomes lost.

Litter Box
All indoor cats need a litter box, which should be placed in a quiet, accessible location. In a multi-level home, one box per floor is recommended. Avoid moving the box unless absolutely necessary, but if you must do so, move the box just a few inches per day. Keep in mind that cats won't use a messy, smelly litter box, so scoop solid wastes out of the box at least once a day. Dump everything, wash with a mild detergent and refill at least once a week; you can do this less frequently if using clumping litter. Don't use ammonia, deodorants or scents, especially lemon, when cleaning the litter box. If your cat will not use a litterbox, please consult with your veterinarian. Sometimes refusal to use a litter box is based on a medical condition that required treatment.

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