The Golden Retriever

Golden Retrieve

The Golden Retriever is a breed of dog that was developed in the United Kingdom, more specifically in Scotland, around 1850. With its characteristics of collector dog, the hound is a skillful hunting dog with aptitudes for tracking. He has a friendly disposition and an attitude that has made him the third most popular family race in the United States, the fifth most popular in Australia, and the eighth most popular race in the United Kingdom.

Characteristics of the Golden Retriever

Height: from 56 to 61 cm in the males and from 51 to 56 cm in the females.
Weight: from 29 to 31.5 kg in the male.
Layer: gold or cream.
Average life: from twelve to fourteen years.
Character: sweet, very affectionate, very receptive to training.
Relationship with children: excellent.
Relationship with other dogs: very good.
Aptitudes: find and collect the piece in the land and in the water, companion dog, guide dog, rescue dog, and drug dog.
Space needs a preferable garden.
Feeding the Golden Retriever: about 520 g. dry whole food diaries.
Arrangement: reduced, a good daily brushing.
Maintenance cost: quite important.

General Care of the Golden Retriever

Healthy Golden Retrievers do not need special care beyond good nutrition, companionship and affection, routine veterinary assistance and a lot of physical exercises. It is also necessary to provide them with basic canine training to stimulate their mind and get them to behave appropriately anywhere.

Of course, the golden retriever will need special care if it is sick. The care of the sick Golden Retriever will depend on the disease he has at the moment and should be recommended by a veterinarian. To prevent golden retriever diseases, it is advisable to do periodic veterinary checkups.

Nutrition of the Golden Retriever

Puppies that have not yet been fully weaned should be fed by their mother and with the supplements recommended by the veterinarian. The amount and frequency of your food will depend on the quantity and quality of breast milk, as well as the recommendations made by the veterinarian.

Generally, golden retriever puppies are fed three to four times a day, while adult dogs eat twice a day. It is important to maintain set times for your golden retriever meals, removing your plate of food 20 minutes after you put it on the ground, even if you have not eaten. In this way you will help regulate the digestion of your dog, favoring its health. In addition, this will allow you to educate your dog to go to the bathroom in certain places. Water is something else since your dog should have fresh water available all day long.

Another thing to keep in mind, when you change your golden food (for example, from puppy to adult dog), it is recommended that you mix the two meals for a while. This will make it easier for your dog to get used to the new food.

Although the diet may vary depending on how you decide to feed your golden retriever, you should never give it candy or chocolate. Especially chocolate can be very harmful and even deadly for your dog.

With this breed, it is very important to keep food rations in relation to the amount of exercise that the dog does, since Golden Retrievers tend to be obese. If you use food to train your dog, remove a little of his daily ration to compensate for the extra calories he receives during the training sessions. Keep in mind not to remove much of your daily ration, because during training also burns calories.

Hair care and hygiene of the Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever does not require special care like particular haircuts, but it does need frequent brushing because it loses a lot of hair. He also needs exercise, company, and affection.

Brushing these dogs should be done with a metal bristle brush. Once achieved, to offer the best care to the golden retriever, it is best to brush the hair of the dog once a day, especially during the molting season, to avoid the accumulation of dead hair. Otherwise, not only your house will be impregnated with hairs, but also tangles could form on the dog's coat and cause the appearance of external parasites such as fleas. Likewise, said entanglements could cause pain in the animal at the moment of wanting to comb them.

If you notice that your golden retriever loses excessive hair or even shows areas without any hair, you should go to the vet because it can be a sign that your health is going bad. Excessive hair loss can indicate physical problems such as skin allergies, or emotional problems such as chronic stress.

The Golden Retriever Bath

The golden retriever should only be bathed when it is dirty and with a dog shampoo since frequent bathing damages the protective layer of its fur. Among the options to keep the dog clean without bathing it excessively, there are "dry" shampoos for dogs. You can find them in pet stores and use them on your dog more often than wet shampoos. You can also clean the coat of your golden with a damp cloth or, even, completely wet, but without using shampoo.

To offer the best golden retriever care, it is important that you pay attention to your ears because it is common to harbor external parasites, such as fleas, ticks, and fungi. That's why it's good to clean them frequently. If the dog scratches a lot, scrapes its ears and neck against the walls or the ground, or walks with its head tilted, it may have some problem of parasites in them and, therefore, you should take it to the veterinarian immediately.

You can check the ears and other parts of the body during daily brushing. Keep in mind that Golden Retrievers are prone to skin diseases. So also take advantage of the daily brushing to detect any irregularity in the skin and coat of your dog. If you detect something that catches your attention, take it to a specialist.

Training of the Golden Retriever

To begin, you must know what are the orders that you will be able to teach your golden retriever, whether puppy or adult:

When you say "Come" your pet will come to you. The first order you can teach your Golden Retriever is to go wherever you are. To teach you this, the ideal is for you to stand at a certain distance, prepare a prize in your hand and give yourself a couple of pats on your thighs, leaning forward and looking towards him. At that moment say "Come!" and the name of your dog. He will come to you to collect his prize, and in this way, he will understand the command "Come" every time you tell him. Remember to give him a prize every time he hears you because this constancy is the way he will learn.

When you say "Sit down," you will sit down where you are. For this order, it is necessary that you move your pet slightly so that he understands it. Grab a prize and take it to shoulder height. Next, move the back of your dog gently down until you can sit down. Then give him your prize and congratulate him. Then repeat this activity, but add the command "Sit" while you feel it.

When you say "Lie down" you will lie on the floor. After getting him to sit down, you can get him to lie down. While your dog is sitting in front of you, take the prize with your hand and lower it to the ground. Then your pet will begin to bend down to get the prize, so put it on the ground and congratulate him as he eats it. Then repeat these steps, but saying "Lie down" while doing it. Repeat this exercise as many times as necessary to learn it, but not followed so as not to overwhelm it.

When you say "Follow" it will accompany you wherever you go. Put the strap on your pet and put it on your left, both standing. While you are walking with your prize in your right hand, make sure you see it. Then say "Follow" or "Follow me" aloud as many times as necessary until you complete your order. Immediately stand up and offer your dog his prize and love.

When you say "Quiet" your activity will stop and it will stop. Another order for your Golden Retriever is to be still, although you must be patient at the beginning so that he will obey you as soon as you ask for it. In fact, it is the order that most dogs need to learn, so at first, you may have to practice keeping it tied. With your pet sitting or lying down, say "Quiet" and go back a few steps while you look at him. Then count to three and return to his side to reward him.

When you say "Bed" the dog will go to his bed. Finally, place prizes where you have your bed. The Golden Retriever must know where it is located, and at first, you will have to take it there and put it to bed while you say "Bed", where you will find your prize. Little by little, he will associate the command and its corresponding action with his prize, just as in the other orders.

In conclusion, if your dog is a golden retriever puppy it remembers that it is as if you were treating a baby, and therefore it was not born knowing. You must be patient with him and not scold him. Think that your puppy is like a child who must be educated and guided little by little and with great care. If you are an adult golden retriever you must also be patient, dogs are not robots, and they learn based on repetition. So try it as many times as you need until you learn the order.


  1. Fabulous dog, I'm thinking of buying one

  2. The bad behavior of my dog forced me to investigate how I could train him. I found this system online and it has given me excellent results,! He no longer bites my furniture, or my shoes, no longer urinates in the room, and no longer barks like crazy!


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