The Schnauzer

The Schnauzer

The schnauzer is a dog breed that originated in Germany during the 15th and 16th centuries. During the first days, the Schnauzer breed was often used as a guard dog by farmers and traders. They liked the protective nature of the Schnauzer and used them to take care of their cars. Along with being a watchdog, the Schnauzer was also used as a buzzard (a dog used to chase and catch rats).

There are three varieties of these dogs, the standard breed, the giant and the miniature.

An interesting aspect of the history of the Schnauzer is its name. The German word for "snout" is "Schnauze". The Germans decided to call the Schnauzer race because of their unique snout (nose).

Although not proven, it is believed that the Schnauzer breed was brought to the United Kingdom and the United States. in the 1900s. The breed was established in these countries after immigrants and merchants brought them from Germany, to be used as family pets.

Today the Schnauzer breed still shows many of the characteristics of its first ancestors. They are still very brave, protective and loyal. All the traits that still make them a very popular pet option.

The Medium or Standard Schnauzer

The standard Schnauzer is a breed of dog from Germany. Being the first to exist of the three varieties. It should be noted that the racial standard of the Schnauzer was first set in the year 1880, and in 1885 the first club of the breed was created in Germany. It had to wait 40 years more so that it was done in the United States (1925).

The standard Schnauzer breed originated by crossing a black German Poodle with a gray Wolfspitz and possibly a Curly Hair Pinscher.

Height at the withers: from 45 to 50 cm
Weight: from 15 to 20 kg
Coat: black or salt and pepper, hard hair
Average life: fourteen years
Character: awake and energetic
Relationship with children: good
Relationship with other dogs: good
Skills: guard dog and companion
Needs of the space: this dog can live inside the house, but he likes to exercise a lot
Medium Schnauzer feeding: from 300 to 400 g. of dry complete food
Fix: periodic haircut
Maintenance cost: medium.

The Miniature Schnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer (in German: Zwergschnauzer) is a derivation of the standard schnauzer dog, emerged in Germany in the second half of the 19th century. This breed is probably the result of crossing a standard Schnauzer with some of the smaller breeds, such as poodles, miniature pinscher or affenpinscher. This breed is the smallest variety of the schnauzer.

Height at the withers: from 30 to 35 cm
Weight: between 4 and 8 kg
Layer: black, or salt and pepper, or black and silver, or white. Hard hair
Average life: fourteen years
Character: fiery, boisterous and very affectionate
Relationship with children: excellent
Relationship with other dogs: good
Skills: companion dog
Needs of the space: reduced on condition of being able to play
Feeding the Miniature Schnauzer: about 100 g. dry whole food diaries
Fix: periodic haircut
Maintenance cost: médium.

The Giant Schnauzer

The giant Schnauzer or German Riesenschnauzer is a breed of working dog that was developed in the twentieth century in Germany. The giant Schnauzer breed was the last Schnauzer to originate. At first, these large Schnauzers were used by farmers for grazing purposes. However, they were also used as guard dogs, again, due to their protective nature.

Height at the withers: from 60 to 70 cm
Weight: from 30 to 40 kg
Coat: black or salt pepper, hard hair
Average life: twelve years
Character: courageous, faithful, calm, very close to their owners
Relationship with children: good
Relationship with other dogs: good
Skills: excellent guard dog, can train for defense
Needs of space: live well indoors under the condition of the exercise
Giant Schnauzer feeding: from 500 to 700 g. of dry complete food
Fix: periodic haircut
Maintenance cost: quite high.

Tips for training a Schnauzer

If you are thinking of hosting a schnauzer or if you already have one living with you, it is vital to know their character, what their qualities are and what is the best way to educate them from a young age. In this way, you will get an adult as a balanced, sociable and happy dog.

The Schnauzer is a dog with an active character and very good humor. He is extremely intelligent and loves to always have a job to do.

He has a strong territorial instinct, which makes him a good vigilant dog. That makes it necessary to socialize from puppy to avoid showing an aggressive nature as an adult.

The socialization

Remember that your puppy must be vaccinated to be in contact with others and that the first animals with whom you decide to have contact are preferable to be balanced and calm. In this way, we will avoid bad experiences from a puppy that will only lead to an adult with problems of trust and behavior.

To start interacting with other dogs it is good to look for them in size and age similar to yours and, in a few days, introduce others of larger size and age. To present animals of other species you must follow the same guidelines.

It is always better than the meetings take place in neutral territory, that is, in an area of the new street or in a new park for the dogs, where neither of them previously believes that it is their territory and that the other invades it. Look for pleasant and safe places like a park frequented by more dogs.

In addition to accustoming the puppy to all kinds of pets and the noises of the street, it is also vital that all family members are involved and the dog knows them well so that later there are no problems of coexistence. Likewise, we must allow him to meet more people.

In general, one must be implacable in that sense since the Schnauzer requires a greater degree of socialization than most races. You also have to socialize intensively so you can coexist with other dogs and pets. Especially the male Schnauzer is very dominant and aggressive towards the other male dogs. It has a strong instinct to hunt cats and other pets, so we must also address this issue if we want our dog to live with them.

Rules and Limits

Another aspect to consider when training a Schnauzer is to ensure our position as leaders. He is an independent dog, stubborn and stubborn, who will try to impose his dominance at the slightest opportunity.

We must always speak to him with an authoritative and firm voice, but without shouting. It is best to start training around the house or in the garden (if we have). Until you respond well to our orders in a controlled environment, it is better not to go out on the street, where you will be distracted by any stimulus.

It is also very important that, from the moment you join our home, we set standards and limits and help you understand them.

For this, it is vital that all those who live with the animal agree on what they can and can not do, as well as the words that will be used exactly to teach the orders and make them understand situations. This is crucial since, if a person indicates an action or order with a word and another one with a different word, the person will not understand the relationship and will not learn it.

In addition, you will also have to think about the schedules and routines that your pet will have since also in these aspects it is necessary to be consistent so that the dog can have balance. Also, you have to understand in which areas of the house you are allowed to be and where you can not, so it is good to have your own fixed spaces in which you have water and food, bedding, blankets, and toys. Leaving the rules and clear limits, always in a positive way, your pet can have the stability that a dog needs and be happy.

Bad habits

Even fulfilling the above, especially if there are things that we have not helped to understand from a puppy, it is possible for the dog to develop some bad habits or have bad behavior. For example, you may be asking for food all the time while we eat, you can pull a lot of the strap on the walks or break some objects.

So, when your dog does not pay attention to you, does not follow the rules he already knows or has a bad behavior he corrects the bad behavior with positive reinforcement. That is, never quarrel, punish or hit, because all this really is not effective and can even worsen the behavior of your dog severely.
To use positive conditioning, just say NO in a firm way, without shouting, or stop doing what you are doing at that moment, for example, stop walking if the problem is that it pulls excessively on the strap and does not resume the march until it stops, calm down and return to your side. So, every time you do things right, you should reward or congratulate them, either with a treat once in a while, with words that relate to something positive or with caresses.

In conclusion

So, if you wonder what to teach your miniature, medium or giant schnauzer, the answer is that you have to start with the simplest and most basic things that are part of your care. For this reason, from puppy you will have to educate him to do his needs outside the house, starting by indicating a place of the house to which he can go when he needs it and little by little he will do them in the street and not inside the house.

While you learn where to do your needs, you can teach the basic orders for dogs that can not be missed if we want to be balanced and happy. It's about learning to sit still, sit down, lie down or stretch, come and walk by your side. Also, especially if we have a giant schnauzer, we will have to teach one to jump and pounce on people.

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