The American PitBull Terrier


The pit bull is one of the most popular dogs in the world, either because of its undeserved reputation as a "dangerous dog" or because of its faithful, versatile character and multiple qualities. The name Pit Bull or Pitbull refers to a group of dog breeds that have similar physical characteristics. The American Pit Bull Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Staffordshire Terrier are commonly included under the name Pit Bull. Being the first, perhaps the best known.

A little history

Although the exact origin of the American Pit Bull Terrier is not known, its roots point to England, at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century.
The American Pit Bull Terrier was bred for two purposes: for fighting against bulls and for displacing the herds of cattle by hunters and ranchers. Although these dogs were called Bulldogs, we should not confuse them with the current Bulldogs. This is a theory of the origin of the race. Another says that it came from the crossing of the old Bulldog and a Terrier.
In general, originally as stated above was raised as a bullfighting dog in Britain in 1830, the breed found in the US a new way of "earning a living", as a working dog. When the settlers moved westward at the end of the 19th century, the English immigrants who had brought their dogs with them found them except for the herding of cows and sheep, herd protectors, and guardians of the family home. It was not long before the race, called "Yankee Terrier", became the favorite dog of a young and expanding nation. The hard-working character of the race, combined with a solid reputation as a family dog, made them more revered and in demand. His special devotion and love for children earned him the nickname of "babysitting dog". In 1898 the United Kennel Club was founded and the "bull and terrier" became the first race registered under the name of American Pit Bull Terrier.
Other contributions to the history of PitBull
The combination of Bull and Terrier was created when the "Bloody Sports", associated with bets and entertainments, such as Bull - baiting (dogs against moored bulls) and dog fights, began to become popular. These same individuals staged fights in a closed arena called "Pit", and from there came the name pit fighter (pit fighter) pit dog (pit dog), which would eventually lead to Pit Bull. Fortunately in 1835 Pit sports became illegal in England.

From that moment also the selection and crossing of the Pitbull began under the perspective of the aesthetic, being born copies that gave origin to the current breeds American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, English Terrier, and English Bull Terrier Miniature.

At the same time, Pitbull horses would continue to be bred for illegal fights, in hiding.
This breed is not recommended for all types of people, especially children, and it is desirable that its owner has experience in the possession of defense dogs. His master must demonstrate authority and determination, and finally a predisposition to educate and socialize from a young age.

Features of American PitBull Terrier

Height: from 38 to 48 cm in the males and from 35 to 45 cm in the females.
Weight: between 15 and 28 kg in males and between 14 and 23 kg in females.
Layer: any color.
Coat: thick, short and shiny.
Average life: about thirteen years.
Character: courageous, loyal and energetic.
Relationship with children: good.
Relationship with other dogs: can be quarrelsome.
Skills: companion dog and formerly fighting dog.
Space needs: garden to run.
Feeding of the American Pit Bull Terrier: about 380 g. of dry complete food.
Arrangement: regular brushing.
Maintenance cost: Moderate.

The personality of American PitBull Terrier

The Pit Bull is an incredibly faithful dog. The race becomes very close to their human family and will not accept others unless they perceive that they are welcome at home as if they were part of the family. As an extension of this attribute, it can also be a very powerful and protective dog, although small and manageable, and can be very useful in the right hands and with a responsible property. Anyway, unlike many very faithful dogs, the Pit Bull can accept the changes. If the unfortunate situation occurs that a family has to give up its Pit Bull, the dog will be delivered to its new owner over time. In the same way, a "second-hand" Pit Bull may be an option that you might consider, particularly if you know your former owners and their lifestyle.

Above all, the Pit Bull is an excellent companion dog. Those who know the breed will often tell you that, in their opinion, there can be no better companion dog than the Pit Bull. He is a dog that will form bonds with all his human family, but he will always keep a special place in his heart towards the person that he decides is his best friend. It is a dog that will always be there for its master. He is a forgiving race, extremely loyal, fun-loving and a lifelong friend.

The best home for an American PitBull Terrier

Before getting into the question of where to acquire your puppy, we should consider the aspect of which human homes are most suitable for the Pit Bull breed. It is now too common for the authors of race books to present their race as the ideal for every home. This is not true in any case and neither is it in the case of the Pit Bull. The Pit Bull is an ideal dog for an adult family with older children (14 years of age or older) and for someone who is at home most of the time. The size of the house is not so important: it can be large, with a fenced garden, or small. It can even be a flat in the city. The important thing is that someone is frequently at home and that someone wants to take the dog for long walks regularly. This describes the best possible situation for the Pit Bull.

On the contrary, the worst situation for a Pit Bull is one in which the dog is raised by a young person who, when the dog is an adult, is too busy to devote much time to his dog. It is even worse if that young person has children when the dog is already grown and these children end up spending time with a dog that does not associate with them as if they were true members of the family. This is the reason why many of the disasters we read in the tabloids occur.

Owner of American PitBull Terrier

Being the perfect owner of a Pit Bull involves understanding your dog and adjusting to certain breed needs, but it also involves selecting this breed because it fits into your lifestyle. For example, if you have another dog and you know that your dogs are going to be unattended for a few hours a day, maybe the Pit Bull is not the right breed for you. After all, fights between your Pit Bull and other dogs that can be found on the street can be easily discouraged. Leaving two dogs alone on a regular basis for hours, when one of them is a Pit Bull, maybe it is asking too much of this breed. We must understand that, in spite of everything, the Pit Bull is a fighting dog.

If you are a person with a job or "the other half" of a working couple, and you want a pet that you can leave alone all day and practically every day, any dog of any breed will not be your proper pet. There will be other times in your life to have a dog, but this would not be the right time.

Even if you are a person who simply hates taking a walk on a regular basis, the Pit Bull may be the wrong race for you. There are other races that can live in such an environment. You would do yourself a favor and I would also do it to the Pit Bull if I chose one of these other races instead.

The perfect owner for a Pit Bull Terrier is one who will return the devotion that the dog will devote to him. This owner will want the dog, first of all, due to the fantastic companionship he will provide and not because of the image he transmits. This owner will enjoy, as much as the dog, the exercise that this race needs. This owner will understand the reputation for which this dog has been retaliated and will work to improve this. This owner will be able to take care of a dog that can live with him for 15 years, without expecting the dog to take care of excessive changes during his life. This owner will be the one who can provide a very regular routine in all aspects.

If you are this person, the Pit Bull can be a better choice among purebred dogs than you would have thought at first.

The health of American PitBull Terrier

The PitBull is, in general, a healthy breed, and the closer the dog is to a line of work, the healthier it will be. However, it can be afflicted by any of the diseases of the canine race. A situation that deserves special mention here is hip dysplasia and its relationship with the Pit Bull working. While there is no doubt that this is a serious condition for many breeds and that the selection of a puppy should, in general, include questions about the condition of the reproductive animal's hips, in some cases, the concern may be exaggerated In the case of working Pit Bulls, this is usually the case.

Shortly after the United Kennel Club became involved in organizing beauty contests for Pit Bulls enrolled in their book of origins of their Pit Bulls, breeders Pit Bulls exhibition began to examine their animals to rule out hip dysplasia. There was a cry of alarm throughout the United States because most of the Pit Bulls that were being examined turned out to be very dysplastic. None of these dysplastic dogs showed any external evidence of suffering from this disease, and all the breeding animals from which these dogs descended had been hard-working, long-lived, and super-athletic fighting dogs.

There is a difference between what we call "real" dysplasia and "theoretical" dysplasia. If you are going to choose your puppy from among working animals of proven quality, raised thinking about the fight and long life, questions about medical evidence that the hips are well-formed are not as imperative as they could be in other races, especially the bigger ones.

How to educate a puppy pitbull terrier?

The education of a puppy dog pitbull is governed by the same rules as those of any other breed of dog.

Decide in advance of the arrival of the puppy what will be able to do and what not. For example, if you are going to be able to get on the sofas or the beds, where you will sleep ... The whole family must know and follow the rules because if you act differently the dog will feel confused.

Find a name for your pit bull dog and teach him to associate it correctly through the use of positive reinforcement (treats, caresses, kind words ...), it is essential for you to pay attention. It will be enough with little time if you put effort.

You must socialize your pit bull dog since it is a puppy with other dogs, people, animals, and environments. It is very important so that in the future you can relate to dogs and people properly and not suffer behaviors related to fear or aggression.

Avoid scolding and punishing your dog when he does something bad. Replace it with the use of positive reinforcement whenever possible. In the face of an unpleasant situation it is only necessary to use a firm "No", he will listen to you and understand the first one.

You must learn how to bite so that it does not hurt you once it grows, for this, it will be essential to promote a relaxed life, as well as the use of toys and teethers and avoid direct play with hands or other parts of the body.

You must try to create a bond based on understanding and never on fear or imposition. If you fight excessively, you will be generating stress in the dog and you will be more predisposed to show behavioral problems.

Teach your dog to stay alone little by little and learn about disorders related to separation to prevent it properly.

Teach him basic obedience commands that help you prevent an accident and communicate with him, such as sitting, lying, standing or watching.

Do short training sessions. Very small dogs can practice between 2 and 5 minutes, while older ones can train between 5 and 10 minutes maximum.

However, it is essential to emphasize that the American pit bull terrier is an active and vital dog, full of energy that needs to burn and release. We must be aware that in your day to day you can not miss the walks and physical activity, for that reason we encourage you to try to know more about your dog and discover with him his specific needs for walking and exercise. Each individual is unique and we must adapt to it. Of course, it is not advised to abuse at all physical exercise, although the dog is an elite athlete. With an average time of two hours a day, we will have more than enough.

Another detail that should not be overlooked is mental stimulation. Although physical exercise is very important for this breed, once the physical routine is established, mental exercises should be started.

Finally, it is essential that you start to get your pit bull puppy used to the muzzle as soon as possible. You can start when you have completed two months, but always little by little. Start with 1-minute sessions and from there, you should increase the times.

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