The Chihuahua

the Chihuahua

Chihuahua is a breed of tiny dog, very charismatic and special. Despite its small size, its charisma and unusual structure have made the Chihuahua a star among dogs. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the breed is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in the United States for the breed.

A little history

This breed originates in Mexico and receives its name from the Mexican State of Chihuahua, where it was discovered and domesticated from its wild state, unlike the belief that exists in some countries that the dog gave the name to the State, since that the word "Chihuahua" means "arid and sandy place" in Rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people.

It is thought that these dogs already existed in pre-Columbian America and were used by the Toltecs for various purposes. In fact, figures similar to a chihuahua dog in Toltec relics have been found.

These figures refer to an animal known as "techichi", which some think is the ancestor of the current Chihuahua. Other scholars, however, think that the "techichi" was not a dog, but a rodent that has nothing to do with the chihuahua.

Another hypothesis suggests that chihuahua comes from China, where there was a habit of raising small animals. According to this hypothesis, the ancestor of the current chihuahua would have arrived in America in boats of European explorers and traders, who before would have gone through China and acquired these dogs.
Whatever the true ancient history is, the truth is that the modern race developed in Mexico and it was thanks to the Mexican moviegoers that today the chihuahua is known all over the world. The name of the race comes from the largest state in Mexico, the State of Chihuahua.

Features of The Chihuahua

Height: from 16 to 20 cm approximately.
Weight: between 1.5 and 3 kg.
Layer: all colors are accepted, often unicolor, from white or cream to black, passing through black and tan.
Average life: twelve years.
Character: willful and affectionate.
Relationship with children: very good.
Relationship with other dogs: very good.
Aptitudes: companion dog.
Needs of the space: perfectly adapted to the life inside the house.
Feeding the Chihuahua: from 40 to 70 g. dry whole food diaries.
Fix: null
Maintenance cost: reduced.

The behavior of The Chihuahua

The behavior and character of the Chihuahua are characterized by its devotion and personality. They are always on alert, they are very intelligent and due to their size, they can be adapted to all environments, even small floors.

The Chihuahua is usually related to frailty and weakness, however, its training and early socialization will make it an excellent dog for the company. The coexistence with other dogs is also good to stimulate them.

They tend to be a little jealous of the people around their owner. This can be avoided with the company of other dogs, especially their breed, as they like to live in clans. They are sensitive to cold and many put coats during the winter.

The Chihuahua can present strong character if it does not have the leadership of a person. They are very loyal to their owner, devoted and adhere to it easily. They usually show their affection by licking people's faces. They are intelligent, respond well to their master and learn very fast.

Care of The Chihuahua

This intelligent, affectionate and very agile breed needs some special care related to its almost diminutive size.

Hygiene => Keeping your Chihuahua dog clean and clean does not require great effort. Think that it is a race that hardly needs care as far as their hair is concerned, an aspect that is usually the most entertaining in the care of other pets. Now, and as is logical, there are a series of basic hygiene guidelines that you should observe in relation to these dogs and that will also have a positive impact on the health and well-being of the rest of the family members, bearing in mind that the Physical contact that is established with these puppies is very close.

Dental hygiene => The Chihuahuas, like the rest of the puppies of miniature race, tend to accumulate a large amount of bacterial plaque and tartar in their dentures, problems that can lead, among other pathologies, to an annoying bad breath. That is why it is necessary to accustom them from puppies to proper dental hygiene that includes brushing teeth so that you get your dental health is greater and these little ones do not lose teeth prematurely. Another issue to keep in mind is that to strengthen your teeth, so you must provide toys such as balls, ropes, bones or stuffed animals, so they can develop. The tartar not only damages the tooth enamel but also promotes the accumulation of bacteria that cause bad breath. Mint flavored mouth spray, manual and electric toothbrushes, and toothpaste will be some of your great allies.

Bathing and drying => The chihuahua, like the rest of the small breeds, should not bathe too often. Once a month will be enough to keep this little guy clean. Use warm water and a specific shampoo for your hair that will be recommended in specialized establishments. Beware of water in the ears. Once you take it out of the bathroom, remove the excess water with a towel and apply the dryer taking care not to get too close to your delicate skin or use too high a temperature.

Brushing => The short-haired Chihuahuas do not need any special care in their hair so it will be enough to pass them from time to time a rubber glove that brightens the mantle. Chihuahuas with long hair should be brushed several times a week. Ideally, you should do it with a soft brush that does not pluck the hair and keep it free of knots.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments => Like the rest of the breed of dogs, the health of your chihuahua will depend in part on whether you submit to the vaccination schedule indicated by the veterinarian and that your use antiparasitic collars.

Feeding of The Chihuahua

Like all miniature breeds, it is highly recommended to feed them with dry food of the quality indicated for small dogs. The fact that wet food is not recommended is explained because it is more difficult to digest so it could cause episodes of diarrhea to your dog. You have to know that Chihuahuas are especially sensitive to changes in diet so if you decide to change your food, after consulting the veterinarian, you should not do it in a brusque way but gradually to save your pet problems. of digestion.

It is very important that you control the rations of your little friend's food, especially if he is very gluttonous and has a tendency to get fat. Do not lose sight of his weight because this breed is very difficult to lose it, not only aesthetically but for health.

Not in vain his bony system is more delicate than that of a larger dog and is not prepared to face a problem of overweight that, moreover, as with people, will be more difficult to stop once you have gained weight.

Training of The Chihuahua

How to train a Chihuahua: basic orders
The basic commands: "come", "together" and "stay still". To better educate the chihuahua, professionals recommend using the clicker. (A clicker is a work tool for the education of an animal, it is used as a secondary or conditioned reinforcer.)

Teach my Chihuahua to come here
Without a doubt, this is one of the first orders that we must teach our dog, regardless of race. If we do not have a clicker, we can use candies. To begin, we will consider the following points:

It is better to practice this order in the garden, in a large place; the home is full of distractions like toys and food.

We will place our dog at a point in space and we will move away from it. We will put a treat on our feet and say firmly the word "come" (or the one we have selected). Automatically the animal will go to collect the food.

When you have gone, congratulate him enthusiastically and give him your reward. Repeat the process, but without candy, just get away from it and say "come". If he goes, remember to give him a prize for good behavior. If you do not go, put the candy back until you associate the word "come" with the act of going.

Little by little, it increases the distance and reduces the sweets.

Teach my Chihuahua to walk next to me
This order consists of two parts that we must carry out in order to get it internalized. Before teaching him to walk with us, we must make him understand that we do not want him to pull the strap or move away. To do so, we will follow the following steps:

Each time you pull away or pull the strap, we will stop. Without saying "NO" or scolding him, we will simply stop walking.

When the Chihuahua stops, we will congratulate him and we will resume the march. It's that simple.

Once the dog has understood that we do not want him to pull the leash, we can make way for the second part of the training. We will take with us the clicker or the sweets (or both), we will walk very slowly to be able to observe our dog carefully and react immediately. Each time the dog approaches us, we will say the word "together", we will click with the clicker and we will give him a treat. We will repeat this process reducing more and more the sweets until you completely internalize the order.

Teach my chihuahua to stay still
To teach this order we must follow practically the same steps as for the previous order:
To make it easier for us, we will start during the ride.

From time to time, we will stop walking. When we see that our chihuahua stops, we will say "quiet", we will click, we will congratulate him and we will give him a treat as a reward.

Repeat this process until your dog associates the word "quiet" with the act of standing up, reducing the sweets.

Test to give the order in different contexts so that it internalizes and prémiale each time that it carries out it properly.

To teach your chihuahua any of these orders you must arm yourself with patience, it is not a task that is achieved in two days.

Other orders
Once the previous orders have been learned, we can start teaching our chihuahua to sit down, give up, play dead, bring the ball, etc. 

We encourage you to continue browsing our blog to discover the steps to follow and the keys to take into account to educate our dog in the best possible way. 

Remember that positive conditioning is essential to obtain a happy and balanced Dog.

Happy day, your friend of always PetsDealsBoet

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