The Pug


This little pet, The Pug is an exceptionally clean dog and has hardly a dog smell.

Tell the story

That this breed of dogs, after many debates many accept that the Pug had its origin in China, from where it passed to Japan and later to Europe.

The word "Pai" was used to designate this type of dog and it is possible that to European ears this name resembled the one currently used in the West: "Pug". In 1731, the word "pug" was defined as the nickname of a monkey or a dog. Monkeys were popular pets at that time and it is likely that the flat face of the Pug made them share that name.

Another possibility is that the name derives from the Latin word pugnus, which means "fist" since there were people who thought that the face of the Pug looked like a closed fist. The word "pug" or "pugge" was also an affectionate term, although it may also derive from "Puck", which evokes Shakespearean images of a mischievous face.

On the other hand, His name "Carlino" originated in France due to a famous Italian actor of the 18th century called Carlo Antonio Bertinazzi, whose pseudonym was Carlin, and the appearance when he played his character Harlequin in the theater, where he wore a black mask, It was similar to one of the main characteristics of the pug.

Dog historians point out that, in China, dogs were often treated almost as members of royalty, and even some were conferred titles. They were jealously guarded and many had servants who looked after them and made sure they had all the comforts. Therefore, the Pug was possessed, mainly, by the circle of the court or by the members of the ruling classes and, frequently, these dogs were treated as precious objects.

The Pug enjoyed great popularity in China, at least until the twelfth century, but from there the interest seemed to decrease and there are few mentions of this race until the early sixteenth century.

Now, in the US The Pug was accepted for enrollment in the genealogical origins book of the American Kennel Club in 1885. There, as in other countries, it is classified in the group of miniature dogs. For the FCI this race is part of the group of companion dogs. The breed is popular as a pet in the United States, where it has also excelled in the ring of canine beauty pageants. In 1981 Ch. Dhandys Favorite Woodchuck (owned by Robert A. Hauslohner) was the first of this breed to win the Best of Show award at the Westminster Kennel Club beauty canine contest. To date, this has been the only Pug that has achieved this great triumph.


Characteristics of the Pug

Height at the withers: about 35 cm. Weight: about 8 kg.Coat: beige or black, mask and black ears, sometimes with a black stripe along the back, from the occiput to the tail.Average life: from ten to twelve yearsCharacter: calm, sociable, sensitive, very close to its owners, alive and very playful.Relationship with children: very good.Relationship with other dogs: good.Skills: companion dog.Needs of space: well adapted to life inside the home.Feeding: 200 g of dry whole food daily.Maintenance cost: Moderate.

The behavior of the Pug

The Pug is calm as long as they are well bred when they feel attacked they can bite like any dog, but it is very rare that this happens because they even get along very well with breeds larger than theirs.

In this regard, when a pug is properly raised it is not usually an aggressive animal, they are not considered watchdogs, rather they are "alert" dogs because with their barking they make us notice the presence of strange beings. His behavior with humans is quite friendly as he tries to interact constantly, but nevertheless, in some circumstances, they can be wary of his family in front of strangers.

They are very intelligent dogs because they prefer the company of their family to that of other dogs, that is why it affects them a lot when their owner is absent.

Pug dogs at an early age tend to be playful, they like to run, jump and bark constantly, but all this tends to disappear after a few years since the dogs of this breed at 6 years are calmer and tend to want to be more in home and enjoy your bed before being on the street.

Care of the Pug

Nothing like giving your dog the best care from puppy to enjoy a full life and as long as possible.

The Pug does not need rigorous care. Generally, they are gluttonous dogs, it will be necessary to control their feeding to avoid the excess of weight. Regarding the toilet, due to the wrinkles of your head, it will be convenient to keep the area very clean to avoid the accumulation of dirt in the folds.

Watch your eyes are very delicate, so you have to pay special attention to not getting too dusty or scratched with anything, both the house and the street.

Take care of your teeth and with the ideal whiteness, carry out an adequate cleaning of your teeth by brushing teeth. A technique that, surely, will not be to your liking, but you should accustom him from a puppy so that he becomes familiar with it.

The cookies and porous bones that you will find in the market will be another good solution to keep your teeth clean, through the establishment of a reward system. Of course, be careful that such a system does not involve a caloric increase that puts your health at risk.

As for the bath in the pug, it should be done around once a month, since doing it more often could lead to dry skin. You must ensure that water does not penetrate their eyes and ears, being very delicate organs in this race. Make sure you have rinsed the shampoo very well, otherwise your accumulation could lead to allergic reactions.

Once you have dried it well you have to remove the remaining water with a towel and then dry with an electric dryer, taking care that the air comes out at a moderate temperature and also away from your skin, so you do not irritate and also to avoid burning it.

You should not leave it wet, especially if it is a puppy, because this way you would be causing fungi and other infections to appear on your skin.

One way to keep your coat clean is to brush it every day to the object not only of removing dead hair, but the dust that accumulates in it. Many pugs like brushing, a habit that you must perform head to tail without forgetting your belly.

As for his health, he usually enjoys good health, considering that he does not tolerate excesses of heat. Derived from its flat snout, could be respiratory problems, as well as some eye problem since its bulging eyes are especially exposed to scratches or small wounds.

In general do not forget to visit your veterinarian, for vaccine control and/or other health issues.

Food of the Pug

The way the dog feeds is the key to good health.
Take into account the following:
- Always leave fresh water at your disposal.
- When choosing between a dry or moist diet, the first one is more advisable, since it helps to maintain a healthy tooth and free of tartar, and usually, have a more balanced composition. If you change your diet, always do it progressively. In the package, they indicate you the suitable amounts according to the weight and the age of the dog, but the needs of each dog can vary depending, for example, on the exercise that you carry out. The contribution of nutrients that a puppy and an adult dog needs are not the same. There are many products made for puppies. If the dog has special needs, whether due to overweight, many years, allergies, heart disease, pregnancy ... ask your veterinarian, there are specific food products for each problem.
Above all, this race should avoid overfeeding. We must strictly follow the rules of not giving food between meals.
- It is convenient, that they always eat at the same time and in the same place.
- Bones love them and are good for sharpening and strengthening teeth. Just give him round bones of beef.
- Always choose the right balanced food for the age and physical activity of the animal.
If you give another type of food, it should be rich in lean meat (chicken or beef), vegetables and cereals. Supplement this diet with vitamins and calcium.

- The container where you place the food must be clean and it is not convenient for the food to remain on your plate for more than 30 minutes. If you feed it at night, offer the food about 2 or 3 hours before the pug gets used to sleeping.
- Do not give bones of chicken, piglet, lamb or rabbit, they are small bones and they can splinter, causing damage to the throat and stomach, and even cause death if they are very important perforations. as in the digestive tract or could cause compaction in the intestines. If you can give him round bones of a cow, which serve as toys and clean and strengthen teeth. They should not be considered as help in dental cleaning; Some owners believe that chewing bones will help prevent tooth decay, when commercial bone consumption, made from rawhide, serves the same purpose, and without any risk to the dog.
- Do not feed with bulky vegetables. The addition of vegetables to the dog's diet is unnecessary and may destroy the balance of the diet. This consideration is accepted moderately since some believe it is necessary to supplement the diet with simple vegetables for that of providing the fiber diet.
- Do not give raw egg albumin, as this contains an enzyme that destroys biotin which is an essential vitamin.
- Do not give milk to adult dogs, it can cause diarrhea.
- Do not give leftovers of food, human food usually contains more fat and condiments can cause severe discomfort.
- Do not give meals between meals, raw fish, chocolate or sweets and sausages (sausages, salamis, etc.)
- Avoid buying the leftovers of butcher shop because they have low nutritional value and a lot of fat.

After eating, it is better than the animal is quiet and not make it run or work. If you notice that in the summer the dog does not finish his daily ration, offer him a little less and do not worry, the heat tends to keep the dogs more inactive. The opposite will happen in colder times. Always keep these tips in mind, and if you have any doubts go to your veterinarian to advise you better about an adequate diet for your dog.

Training of the Pug

From the moment the lactation stage ends, the Pug puppy will begin to identify everything that is around him and will increase his daily activity, so that they can become destructive or passive, in any case, his need to feed himself with new food will be our main training tool, do not try to use force as a means of teaching, as fear will stress them and become aggressive, unsociable and sickly.

The first thing that every owner wants to teach his dog is to sit down. The classic teaching is that each time the pet approaches your feet to tell you to sit/sit/ sit, put your hand on his back and make a small pressure on it forcing him to sit down, the idea is that in doing so reward him or Otherwise wait for a new opportunity. At the moment of pressure, it must be strong, but it must become smoother over time and until you learn to sit down, stop doing it, and always expect your reward.

Another teaching is that the dog must remain Quiet when hearing the respective order.
This is a really necessary order and you will only learn it from your master. You can use different signals while some accustom to the "still" order. Others add the name or action of place so that "still" can be accompanied with "still + name of the dog". I do not recommend giving two orders at the time, it is a mistake to use "still and sitting" in the same line since you will confuse it and it will not do either of them. When giving the command "stay or stay" you must do so with a firm posture, chest raised and head showing superiority. The prize must be held and pointing it out can be recommended if your dog is very active.

You should not leave your firm position when giving the order, repeat it if necessary if you do not understand at first, but when you get the idea you will decrease the times you notice it, remember that the order to move or finish the exercise cannot be your name or a game gesture. I recommend a "come on".

Sociable behavior That the canine Pug is sociable is training where all the members of the household should participate, the idea is that the pet receives a single signal and not a series of cries that end up stressing it and inviting him to be aggressive with the visits that for the dog will be complete strangers.

Firm posture, followed by quiet order is the first phase of training. Standing in front of the canine obstructing the vision will help you understand that you do not want your intervention and small blows to your chest will indicate that your behavior is not acceptable. Repeating this series of steps on different occasions will make you more sociable, but believe us that this training is easy to perform because it is not in your behavior to be aggressive.

The respect of the territory will be the responsibility of the master. A Pug in its best stage will behave playful, destructive and exploratory, they are natural behaviors, but you must avoid them on a large scale or your Pug will become uncontrollable.

Give clear orders with words like "no, out, sitting, quiet, behind" among others must be with a firm stance, no games and a threatening look, at first small blows on his sides will teach him who is the master, but over time not they will be necessary, although it may seem cruel it is the shortest way and it is not about hurting them.

Very well! You have at your disposal some steps to train your canine Pug, but remember that the Pug does not head smart dog lists and many behaviors are acquired by their genetic code, therefore, they should not present problems, in addition, their teaching is a process that joins you to your pet and creates a special bond to jointly protect the home.

5 comments:

  1. They are beautiful, I have one

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  2. true, I have one like

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